Understanding pathogen survival and mobility in soil-plant-food systems following organic waste application to land
PhD by Research with Recirculate
Supervised by Prof Kirk Semple (LEC), Prof Roger Pickup (BLS), Prof Ian Dodd (LEC), Prof Alastair Martin (Engineering), and Dr Franci Boateng Agyenim (Council for Scientific and Industrial research, Ghana).
The overall aim of the project will focus broadly on the survival and mobility of pathogens associated with organic wastes, including human, agricultural and food waste streams. Through anaerobic digestion (AD) of these waste streams, energy can be produced in the form of biogas. AD also biochemically stabilizes these organic residues forming digestate, which can be used as a sustainable fertiliser or soil conditioner. However, the survival of pathogens through anaerobic digestion and subsequent application to agricultural soils remains unclear. Further, the mobility of these organisms through the soil to water or association with crops represent potential pathways for human and animal exposure and, therefore, a risk to health.
The objectives of this project are:
- To investigate the survival of target pathogens through anaerobic digestion and then in soil, following the addition of digestate (WP 4 and 5).
- To investigate the movement of target pathogens through soil, following the addition of digestate (WP 4 and 5).
- To consider the interactions between target pathogens and plants following the amendment of the digestate to soil (WP 3 and 4).
- To consider approaches to reduce pathogenic microorganisms to an acceptable number in the digestate produced, by manipulating the AD process and/or by treating it (post AD processing) (WP 4 and 5).
- To develop cost effective methods for pathogen detection in digestates that are applicable at a low income community level (WP 5).
These objectives contribute to RECIRCULATE challenges by (potentially) reducing diffuse pollution sources derived from inefficient waste management; producing energy while reducing detrimental effects on human health; and improving water/nutrients use in the soil-plant systems.
This PhD project will give the successful candidate the opportunity to carry out interdisciplinary research at the interfaces between microbiology, agriculture and health, on a problem of immediate significance to communities in developing countries. There will be opportunities to study in these communities and with the academic partners in Ghana, Nigeria and the United Kingdom.
First-class or 2.1 (Hons) degree, or Masters degree (or equivalent) in an appropriate subject. Candidates with a First-class or 2:1 (Honours) degree, or Masters degree or equivalent any of the following or closely related disciplines should apply: microbiology, molecular microbiology or biological sciences.
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